Over the last few years, there’s been lots of talk about bugging out, putting together a bug out bag list, bug out gear, and the best bug out bags. But what is bugging out?
The idea has become popular in the light of natural disasters like hurricanes, tornadoes, flash floods, wildfires, and earthquakes.
When these catastrophes hit, many people decide it’s time to head for safer ground.
We also face a potential series of long-term disasters that could make a bug out a longer-term situation.
Some of these include economic collapse, war, pandemics, and agricultural disasters. So it’s best to be prepared ahead of time.
A bug out bag is an emergency bag that you have already packed and have ready to go.
In this article, we’ll take a look at how to put together your bug out bag list.
If the time should ever come that you need it, it could be lifesaving.
Should I Bug Out or Hunker Down?
First, understand that bugging out should be your very last option when left with no other choice.
A bug out bag is only a temporary plan for survival to be used as a backup when you see no other solution.
If you’re forced to leave home and “head for the hills,” you’ve basically made yourself a refugee.
That’s not necessarily a good thing when times get hard.
Think about it this way: A bug out kit will only keep you alive for a short time. Maybe a few days or weeks. Then what are you going to do? No matter how comprehensive your bug out bag list, you’re going to need a plan after you’ve exhausted its gear.
A Retreat in the Hills
Now of course, if you’ve got a heavily stocked retreat somewhere in the hills, that changes the game.
You may just need to use the bug out bag en route to your destination. Just load up your car and head to your retreat.
Still, having a bag of essentials (life-saving gear in a kit that’s ready to grab-and-go) could be helpful. You never know if you’ll need to abandon your vehicle at some point and continue on foot. It’s best to be prepared with a disaster survival kit.
Remember, even if you already have a huge stockpile of medications, food, and gear waiting for you, you might have a challenge getting to your retreat in the hills.
There could be checkpoints, roadblocks, or even car jackers you’ll meet along the way.
Even if you do make it through these hazards and challenges and make it to your stocked retreat, you could be met by another family or group that’s already moved in.
What are you going to do in that scenario? You could be outnumbered, or they may be better armed. Are you going to walk away or stay and fight for what’s yours?
To avoid these situations, head to your retreat or safe area before disaster hits. Learn how to grow and preserve food, raise livestock and develop relationships with your neighbors.
Some advanced planning before you need it can make all the difference.
Why Make a Bug Out Bag
With all that said, let’s get back to bugging out and learning how to make a bug out bag.
Many survivalists look at this type of kit as a sort of escape and evasion plan. For most people, however, this idea is flawed.
Some people may be able to live outside of civilization, rounding up food and finding shelter in a forest, desert, or mountains. If conditions are right, you can do this for a significant amount of time.
However, the constant struggle to maintain life would be much more than the average person could endure. Most people wouldn’t make it very long at all.
But here’s the thing, if you have no other options left besides staying and dying or bugging out to the hills for a chance, it’s still worth a shot.
Having a bug out bag ready to go will give you a better shot at surviving.
In the Case of a Natural Disaster
Typically when a natural disaster strikes, help will soon be on the way. Hopefully.
However, you may still need to leave temporarily for immediate safety, like when a hurricane is heading directly toward you.
Do you have a friend or family member that would take you in for a few nights? Try to find one in another area that would be safe from the natural disaster. Preferably someone within a few hours’ drive from you.
Make plans with them before anything ever happens so that when it does, you know exactly where to go. You’ll then be able to wait out the disaster in relative comfort before heading back home.
For me personally, I’d say “no thanks” to a government shelter or FEMA operations.
Do you really want to depend on the government for your survival? I don’t. Personally, I’d rather trust my own skills and instincts than hope the government will take care of me during and after a disaster.
Essential Bug Out Bag List
Okay, so we’ve talked a lot about the reasons you want to put together a bug out bag. But what should you include in it?
There will be a lot that is personal and personalized to you. Consider things like your location and where you plan to head. Consider your skills, health and climate.
Top items to include in a bug out bag
Looking at the multitude of lists I’ve seen, here are some ideas on the bare bones of what to include in your survival bag.
These are all things you can pack in advance so they are ready when it’s time to head out:
You will also want to remember to grab medications.
Preparation is Key
When it’s time to go, you want to be as prepared as possible. With a bug out bag, you’ll give yourself a better chance at survival.
Grocery stores and hardware stores are likely to be closed. There may be long lines at gas stations. Roads may be a standstill with everyone trying to leave. You just never know what will happen.
You will need to think about your bug out bag as a way to help you and your family to survive for several days.
Know that even if you don’t need to leave your residence, a bug out bag is helpful for less threatening situations. For example, if your power is out for an extended time, your emergency radio, flashlights, and extra batteries will be assets.
Use this essential list for planning for and putting together a bug out bag. It will help ensure you have everything ready to go or access, all in one place.
Please share this article on social media to help your friends and family be prepared in the case of disaster. Their survival may depend on it!
How does a Greenhouse work – Greenhouse is defined as “a structure with walls and roof made chiefly of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown.”
And as we know, in gardening, a greenhouse is an essential element for growers and farmers in every part of the world.
These structures are used nowadays even in cities and homes with limited space.
Have you ever thought about the mechanics of a greenhouse?
How it works and what goes into creating that ideal environment for plants?
We might have studied how greenhouses work in our school days.
Maybe vaguely, we remember that a greenhouse allows solar energy in and sustains the environment — but how?
Greenhouse structures work by taking in sunlight and using it for heating.
It turns the solar energy of the sunlight into thermal energy.
Various materials used in a greenhouse allow full or partial sunlight to filter through the walls and ceilings.
This solar energy is absorbed by the vegetables and plants who convert this heat into further energy and warmth.
This method is known as convection.
When the heat is expatriated, it becomes trapped in the greenhouse structure which in turn creates humidity.
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere and is required for plants to grow well.
Hence, this system circulates on its own to create the ideal growing conditions for plants, vegetables, flowers and crops.
Because greenhouses essentially work on the principal of using warm sunlight or solar energy, they must be erected in hot climates or with structures that can control the temperature.
In colder climates, additional heat ought to be added to keep the greenhouse temperature constant.
Farmers use heaters to control the temperature around their plants with climate control systems like the ones mentioned in this article here.
During hotter months, adequate ventilation is installed to allow for air and heat to escape.
A good ventilation greenhouse system is crucial to prevent overheating.
Some greenhouse growers prefer ventilating naturally by opening the doors and windows of their structures.
Constructed from either glass or plastic, solar greenhouses differ from standard greenhouse structures that absorb solar energy through their plants.
Solar greenhouses store solar energy when the sun is not shining.
This type of greenhouse is specifically used in the Northern Hemisphere where sunlight exposure may be limited, especially in the colder season.
As passive solar energy is the cheapest and easiest way to maintain consistent heat in a greenhouse structure, many growers are now turning to solar greenhouses.
Since passive solar energy heating depends on the sun, it is crucial to ensure the structure receives as much direct solar heating as possible.
The south side wall is typically covered in order to maximize solar energy retention.
Additionally, the north facing wall may be insulated to sustain heat from escaping.
Insulation could be placed over the greenhouse structure during nights and colder seasons to prevent further solar energy loss.
Brick, rocks or concrete on the dark ceramic flooring and northern exposure, will store solar energy for longer.
There are also certain plants and crops grown in water-filled containers that can boost the amount of the solar energy retained.
Solar greenhouses can be constructed as attached designs or freestanding models.
Attached designs are lean-to greenhouse structures are attached to the walls of a barn or house, thereby forming an extension of the property.
These greenhouse structures provide adequate room for kitchen herbs, transplants and other limited quantities of vegetables and plants.
Freestanding solar pit greenhouses are independent entities that have their own spaces large enough for the commercial propagation of vegetables, ornamental or herbs.
How does a solar greenhouse work?
Solar greenhouses, as their name suggests, utilize energy from the sun in order to meet their temperature needs.
The solar radiation from the sun passes through their surfaces to heat the ground.
The solar greenhouse design then traps this energy in order to maintain the higher temperature it needs.
The walls and ceiling of these useful structures also prevent the warmer air within from mixing with the cooler air.
A more technical way of saying this is that they prevent convection (heat transfer through moving gas or liquid) and conduction (transmission of heat from particle to particle within solids) from equalizing inner and outer temperatures.
Solar greenhouses will also serve to control internal temperature by controlling the transparency to the solar and terrestrial thermal radiation bands.
For a warmer temperature than the surrounding environment, more transparency is presented to the solar radiation band.
At the same time, more resistance to the thermal radiation band serves to trap the heat in the greenhouse.
A surface that is more reflective to solar energy while less restrictive to the thermal radiation band will, of course, have the opposite effect — a cooler environment than the sounding temperatures.
Generally, solar greenhouses are utilized for the purpose of creating a warmer environment.
For this, a material is chosen which absorbs some of the infrared radiation.
A portion of this radiation will be reflected back into the greenhouse.
Another effective aspect of solar greenhouses is the optimized usage of the soil base.
A portion of the available heat during the daytime will be absorbed by this mass.
At night, this soil becomes a source of radiant heat.
Sometimes, installing tubing for subterranean air circulation increases the effect of heat retention.
While a subterranean design can provide heating at night, it can also encourage cooling during the daytime through this same method of absorption.
Another method of encouraging this same effect of absorption is by utilizing storage materials with a high capacity for heat.
Bins of sand and rock or containers of water are such examples.
Solar greenhouses benefit greatly from the newest and latest plastic surfaces and glazing options.
With better material and design, a greenhouse owner is better able to control both the wavelengths of incoming solar radiation as well as those of outgoing thermal infrared radiation.
Greenhouse gardening for amateur or beginner-level gardeners
Greenhouse gardening is a satisfying and rewarding endeavor for amateur and professional gardeners alike.
These days, there are plenty of options available for beginner gardeners like the use of greenhouse kits and easy-to-assemble hydroponic systems.
Greenhouses for beginner-level gardeners
For many individuals, the idea of starting a greenhouse structure can seem like a difficult job.
Remember that a greenhouse structure does not have to be a huge construction project.
For many homeowners, a simple and compact greenhouse is enough to meet their needs.
Even mini greenhouses on window sills can do the trick.
Greenhouse kits are another option for beginner gardeners to quickly set up greenhouses.
These are often available from online retailers and local home improvement shops.
It’s crucial to choose the appropriate greenhouse kit for your needs as they come in a variety of sizes and shapes.
Greenhouse maintenance also entails making sure your tools and supplies are working properly.
If you have a watering system installed, make sure it is running smoothly without any problems.
If you have a hose connected to your greenhouse, make sure it does not have any holes, cracks or blockages that are preventing it from giving your plants the adequate amount of water they need.
To check for problems like these, take off any attachments you might have on your hose and assess the water flow on its highest setting.
This will reveal any potential problem areas in the hose that you need to address.
If you discover holes or cracks in your hose, it’s time to replace it.
Remember to always include equipment checks in your greenhouse maintenance routine!
Prune and rotate your greenhouse plants
To keep the plants in your greenhouse healthy and strong, devote some time to pruning them and rearranging them when needed.
Trim off dead or dying leaves to make sure the nutrients from the soil are going to the living parts of your plants.
If you notice that there are certain parts of your plants that are getting more sun than others, don’t be afraid to rotate them.
Turning your plants will ensure that they receive an equal amount of light to grow evenly.
Make room for your plants to grow
Additionally, make sure there is enough space between your plants for them to grow.
If they’re close and crowded together, their growth can be hindered.
Use a ruler to make sure your spacing is consistent, or step back and view your pots to see if any are too close together.
Just like rotating your plants, making sure they have that extra room to grow will help ensure that all sides of your plants will be able to receive an equal amount of light.
Make greenhouse maintenance a part of your routine
Greenhouses require a lot of work to maintain, but it’s worth it for the thriving gardens they help create.
Make your greenhouse maintenance a part of your routine so that your plants receive the nurturing environment they deserve.
Greenhouse management as an occupation
Greenhouse management, as an occupation, incorporates aspects of many different disciplines.
Engineering, chemistry, biology and physics are all employed within the framework of a greenhouse.
Graceful integration of these varying aspects is the trademark of a well-trained greenhouse manager.
A greenhouse can be built around several basic designs.
Knowing what designs will enable the best use of space for growing is the key to effective greenhouse management.
The Quonset style, for instance, is a common design for a commercial greenhouse.
However, the arched style of this design means that there is limited growing space along the sides.
A gable style greenhouse, on the other hand, is built more like a house, with much taller walls supporting a pointed roof.
These are also much stronger designs and are, therefore, often made from glass.
Knowledge of biology and chemistry are essential parts of greenhouse management.
Because of the wide variety of plants contained within the average commercial greenhouse, a competent manager must be familiar with the biological and growth requirements for each species being sold.
Expertise is required for everything from the correct choice of growing medium to the appropriate fertilizer to lighting conditions and irrigation needs.
Proper nutrition is vital for growing healthy plants of any variety.
A greenhouse manager must be able to diagnose when there are chemical deficiencies or imbalances in plants.
These deficiencies can have detrimental effects on the plants and must be adequately addressed if the greenhouse is to be successful.
Irrigation is also an essential part of greenhouse management.
The irrigation system for a commercial greenhouse is the lifeblood of the operation.
Designing and maintaining these systems takes a great deal of knowledge and experience.
If done improperly, they can have adverse effects on the business.
Most greenhouses use watering systems that apply the water to the top of the grow medium.
But many also utilize hydroponic systems that have different maintenance requirements.
These systems can be further complicated by the variety of plants within the greenhouse, as different plants have different watering needs.
Effective greenhouse management must include knowledge of the chemistry of the water flowing through these irrigation systems.
Elements such as Magnesium, Calcium and Sodium must be monitored at all times to ensure proper plant growth.
The ability to properly balance these elements within the greenhouse water supply is often only gained through experience.
The ability to combine each of the above aspects, and use them in an effective manner, is the key to greenhouse management.
When you combine these pieces with the addition of personnel and supply management, the job of greenhouse management can seem like a daunting challenge.
However, as most people in these positions will attest, the rewards greatly outweigh the costs.
Are you looking to start a greenhouse or are you in need of supplies? Let us know how we can help you with your greenhouse needs today!
What are Greenhouse Made of?
A greenhouse is a building made of plastic, glass or wood specifically designed to create an ideal environment for plants to grow in them.
They work by trapping solar energy within their walls and transferring them onto the plants.
Solar greenhouses, commonly used in the Northern Hemisphere, are more effective in using the existing solar radiation to increase temperatures within the greenhouse.
They use different techniques to transfer heat into the soil, trap sunlight even when adequate amounts are not found in the atmosphere and retain heat by using several items like sand bags, rocks and bricks.
Clutter From Your Home – It is no secret that most of us have allowed clutter to fill and take control of our homes. Somehow, the more space we have, the more clutter we keep.
This is often true with clutter we keep in our garages, basements, and backyard sheds. These places become storage areas for holiday decorations, memorabilia, lawn maintainence and gardening tools, miscellaneous hardware, and more.
And it all keeps piling up.
Add to that many types of specialty equipment you may need for different projects around your home.
Whether you are repairing a fence, getting started in hydroponics, raising chickens, or building garden beds, all of these pursuits require materials as well.
All of this takes up room.
Keeping track of everything in your home and on your property is not easy, even when everything is in its proper place or labeled and stored neatly in boxes.
No matter how many items you have, it is not difficult to declutter.
How to get rid of clutter on your homestead
You don’t have to rush to make your home presentable only when you have visitors coming over.
It is imperative to get ahead of the mess and come up with a working system that will keep your home organized and clutter-free.
Below are some easy ways to declutter your home.
Ensure everything has a home
It’s easy to accumulate clutter when you don’t have anywhere to store your things. Make sure your possessions have a proper place.
Do you need to leave that bag of rice and your toaster on your counter? Can you find room in a cabinet for them?
Put things back
Once the possessions you use regularly have a home, it makes it easy to put them back after you use them.
When you take a rake out of the garage to work in your yard, put it back in the garage when you are finished with it.
In this way, you will have less clutter around, and you will be able to find it the next time you need it.
Keep up each day
Another tip is to keep up with clutter each day. Don’t let it pile up.
Keeping up with it a few minutes a day will help keep your space tidier.
Go through your mail right away when you get it. Recycle what you don’t need to respond to.
Tidy up the kitchen each night so you will wake up to an empty kitchen sink, not a pile of dishes.
Don’t let paperwork pile up on the table. Act on it, whether that’s shredding it or filing it.
Don’t allow piles to accumulate
Once you allow piles to litter your floors, dressers, tables, and countertops, it’s easy to come to accept them.
Deck and patio greenhouse kits are typically smaller and more intensive than larger kits.
They are also more durable in nature.
Most of them come with easy-to-follow instructions.
These structures tend to be portable and lightweight and better adapted to cover hanging plants and potted plants.
The kits usually come with the tent, frame and other accessories in the chosen pattern.
Guy lines, flaps and stakes are some other products that might come in a patio greenhouse kit.
To protect patio plants, you can purchase a suitable design that can fit accurately on the patio and accommodate all plants.
Deck greenhouse kits come in many sizes, designs and price ranges.
There are small cold structures for less than $100 and miniature greenhouses for less than $1,000.
Many greenhouse kits manufacturer’s warranty their items as well.
Cedar Greenhouse Kits
Building a greenhouse has become very fashionable today.
You will find plenty of homes with greenhouses.
Some people are eager to growing different types of plants in their gardens.
In order to create adaptive greenhouses, different types of makes and models are available.
Nowadays, cedar greenhouses kits are among the most popular and common ones.
Cedar greenhouse kits are easier to install and more affordable than others.
If purchased from a reputable manufacturer, they can be simply assembled using a modest set of appliances that will be priced well within your budget.
Cedar greenhouse kits are very popular on account of their durability and aesthetic appeal.
These will not just boost your greenhouse experience but add exceptional beauty and durability to your backyard.
Cedar is the perfect wood for making greenhouses because it comfortably withstands decades of weathering and is naturally resistant to insects.
It has highest insulation value, keeping the greenhouse cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.
Installing cedar kits is the most practical way to set up an outdoor lean-to greenhouse.
A lot of backyard greenhouses are made from wood frame greenhouse kits and these can be assembled in few hours.
These kits include all parts – pre-drilled, pre-assembled and pre-cut.
Home Greenhouse Kits
Home Greenhouse kits are available from many different companies, many of whom will ship to you.
They come in either metal or wood frames with glass or plastic panels.
However, they are much less expensive than paying for a professionally built greenhouse.
The kits can take anywhere from a few hours to a day to assemble.
Most require only simple tools such as socket wrenches and screwdrivers.
With a home greenhouse kit, you can reduce the risk of pests getting to your plants.
Rabbits will no longer make off with your harvest before you can pick it.
A greenhouse won’t stop all bugs, but as long as you keep the doors closed, you will limit the exposure bugs will have to your garden.
Weeds are the other big issue every gardener has to contend with.
Whether blown in by the wind, or brought in on the bodies of animals and bugs; weeds take valuable nutrients away from your plants.
A home greenhouse keeps windblown seeds out of your garden.
Finally, there is climate control.
Whether you live in the arid west, the subtropical south, or the cool north, there are always plants that will struggle within your climate.
A home greenhouse kit provides excellent climate control.
It disperses direct sunlight to avoid scorching your plants.
It keeps the temperature up and prevents those early and late frosts from killing your plants.
These greenhouses also retain moisture to keep your plants from drying up.
Solex Greenhouse Kits
Solexx is a popular greenhouse company in today’s market.
They have a full line of Quonset-style kits in a wide range of sizes.
Gardener’s Oasis, Garden Master, Harvester and Conservatory are some of their model names.
They all feature Solexx’s number one product.
Insulated, shatter-proof, twin-wall panels that let in evenly diffused sunlight that promote optimal plant growth.
Solexx greenhouse kits also feature strong, built-in bench frames and hanging rods that offer plenty of room for hanging baskets and growing vegetables.
Early Bloomer is known as a great starter greenhouse, ideal for tall plants and small trees.
They come with a composite-framed base, solid enough to withstand heavy wind.
The base requires no foundation.
You can set these right over the garden for early seed starts and extended harvests.
Their large vent assemblies help promote ventilation and air circulation.
Early Bloomers are also lightweight and portable.
The kit includes twin-wall Solexx XP panels, two full-length hanging rods, large 19” by 30” vent, easy-assemble fittings and an 8-year warranty.
Hobbyist brand greenhouses are designed for use in fall, winter and spring.
Used mainly for early seed starts, these just get too hot in the summers.
They include UV-coated 4mm polycarbonate panels, green resin frame, pre-drilled greenhouse frame for easy attachment to base, roof vent with an automatic opener, manually operated rear louver window and a locking hinge door.
The smallest 8-foot model offers ample headroom and space for gardeners and plants, but can be bought in several sizes up to 24 feet.
Hall’s Magnum Greenhouse Kits
Hall’s Magnum Greenhouses are 4-season structures.
Exhaust fans can be added to them for summer ventilation.
All models are all 8-feet tall at ridge height — sized from ‘slim’ for compact yards and to up to 14 feet wide.
Shelter System’s Greenhouse Kits
Shelter Systems created an entire line of greenhouse kits based on patterns of reinforcing triangles.
They are lightweight and easy to move.
They are also advertised to be set up in 30 minutes with no tools.
Each comes with evenly spaced flap doors.
In larger models, there are four doors.
Greenhouse kits of this brand comprise of poles, stakes, guy lines, vent tubes, set-up instruction manuals and a gardening manual for easy installation.
Shelter Systems also makes GroDomes, Crystal Cave Tunnel Greenhouses, RoofShells (which makes perfect, low-arched and portable greenhouses) and other structures.
Their GroDomes are available from 8 feet tall up to 31 feet tall and 16 feet wide.
Lean-to Greenhouse Kits
As the name explains, lean-to greenhouses are best as they lean towards the side of a home or any other building.
They can be a cheap alternative for the do-it-yourself grower who does not want to do much construction.
Lean-to greenhouse kits are typically easy to install and can be a perfect way to greenhouse gardening for city growers.
Lean-to greenhouse kits generally utilize polycarbonate panels rather than glass, although it is definitely not a universal practice.
The lightweight frames of lean-to greenhouse kits are constructed with robust materials such as plastic and aluminum composites.
Most of these greenhouse kits can be assembled with a neat set of tools.
Depending on the gardener’s needs, they may choose a single or multi-purpose lean-to greenhouses.
For instance, if they are going to use their new greenhouse structure solely for the aim of year-round growing, they ought to consider the space for growing plants and accessing power and water.
But, if they are just going to be growing a single part of the year, they need to make their lean-to greenhouses like a dining area or covered porch, enabling it to be utilized for other things when they are not growing vegetables or plants inside it.
For people who are searching for something that is a visually stimulating, these kits can be designed with a cedar frame.
Lean-to greenhouse kits tend to be costly, but many greenhouse growers feel that the additional cost is well worth it.
School Greenhouse Kits
When people think of building greenhouses, they basically imagine large greenhouse structures run by commercial gardens.
However, there are commercial greenhouse kits that are operated by hobby gardeners, vegetable growers and even school children.
Wholesale school greenhouses are common these days and they contain more than just building materials for creating a greenhouse structure.
They have plenty of pots and seeds for plants along with all necessary growing equipment.
These greenhouses are based on lesson plans that get children involved in gardening.
Children learn about what a greenhouse garden is, why it performs so well in maintaining plant life and why they are crucial for gardeners.
School greenhouses are easy to build with simple plans that are easy for children to read.
They can often be constructed in just a single day, depending on the size of the structure.
Once it is constructed, plants and vegetables can be grown in it.
Lessons on germination, pollination and fruit production help the kids learn what is going on inside the greenhouse.
There may be lessons on solar radiation and energy as well.
Of course, the thing about these greenhouse kits is that you need to have the budget for it.
School greenhouses kits can vary in cost. In order to set up these greenhouse kits, you will have to convince the school.
In addition to a number of educational lessons, school greenhouse kits give a new possibility for extracurricular activities and something to swank about in the newsletter every month.
It can also lead to the establishment of a greenhouse club that meets after and before school which might give children a direction to start a lifelong hobby of learning to grow fruits, flowers, and vegetables.
A greenhouse kit costs just 1/4th to 1/8th of the price of constructing a greenhouse from scratch.
Having a good greenhouse can help you grow plants throughout the year.
It can keep the cold out while maintaining warmth and humidity indoors.
The most favored types of greenhouse kits these days to extend plant life are residential greenhouse kits, deck and patio kits, cedar and home kits and a few others of established companies such as Solexx, Hall’s Magnum and Shelter Systems.