Composting has many benefits, including reducing waste and producing your own feed for your garden. If you like the idea of composting, consider a compost tumbler.
Here we answer some of the most popular questions about easy-turning compost barrels, what tumble composting is, how to use a compost tumbler, and how long it takes to compost.
We also include a list of compost tumbler pros and cons. You can use this list to consider if getting a compost tumbler is for you and your situation. If you know you want to start composting, you can use this info to decide between getting a compost tumbler vs starting a compost pile.
Table of Contents
What Is a Compost Tumbler?
To put it simply, a compost tumbler is a sealed container, such as a barrel that you can rotate or tumble. The two main differences between a compost tumbler and a compost heap are:
- A compost tumbler is sealed so it generates heat more quickly, speeding up the composting process
- The tumbler can rotate, which means that you can mix its contents more easily
It’s very convenient for people who are new to composting. Simply slide open the compost door and toss in your kitchen scraps and yard waste. They are also ideal for people without a lot of outdoor space and who don’t want to attract pests.
Are Compost Tumblers Any Good?
Before buying one, it’s natural to wonder if compost tumblers are any good and if they’re worth the money. To some people, they can’t compost without them, but it depends on your abilities and situation as to whether you need one.
A compost tumbler will generate and hold heat more effectively than an open composter drum, heap or pile will. This is because it’s all enclosed.
What we love about them the most, though, is that you can mix the compost more easily. You simply turn the handle to turn the drum over. It is a fantastic selling point for people who may struggle to turn a compost heap every few days.In addition, there is minimal smell when you use a compost tumbler. This also means you won’t attract pests and wildlife like you might when starting a compost pile. Animals won’t be able to access the food and composting materials.
What’s also great is they are often on wheels. This means you can move them around as needed. You may want to roll it to your garden when you are taking out the compost but keep it closer to your home to fill with kitchen scraps.
Compost tumblers are ideal for households without ground area to compost. They are compact and can fit on a patio or balcony. Consider how much compost you want to produce and how big of a space you have for the tumbler.
How Do You Make Compost in a Compost Tumbler?
Compost is really easy to make, no matter how you’re making it or what you’re making it in. You just need to learn what kinds of things you can compost, and then follow the tumble composting procedure below.
Three Easy Steps
To start composting in a tumbler, here are the things you need to do:
1. Fill the tumbler with scraps and more
Open up the compost tumbler and add all of your brown and green waste from both your garden and kitchen. Pay attention to the proper ratio of greens to browns at a ratio of 2:1 so it’s balanced. You may need to add organic matter from your yard or other sources to make it balanced.
It’s also important to know the difference between greens and browns. As an example, freshly cut grass clippings from your yard are counted as green in composting. However, if left in a pile to dry, they are considered brown matter in composting.
We keep a bale of alfalfa to add to our compost as a brown as we tend to have a lot of vegetable scraps each day. In this way, we can also use the alfalfa as mulch for the gardens.
Once your tumbler is full, make sure you close the lid properly. Then, you just need to give it time to get to work. The organic materials will start breaking down inside the tumbler producing heat.
You can save up scraps from fruits and vegetables, coffee grounds, and more. Some people keep them in a container on their kitchen counter for a day or two before putting it in the composter. You can move the composter around to make it convenient to access.
2. Turn the Tumbler
At least once a week, roll or turn your tumbler to mix up all of the contents inside. Most compost tumbler models feature a crank or handle to make it easy. Rotating the compost bin aerates the compost.
Unlike when you have a compost pile where you need to physically turn over the composting materials with a shovel or rake, with a tumbler, you simply turn the handle. You can roll it and know everything inside is properly turned. When you have a pile, especially a deep one, it becomes difficult to do this by hand.
When composting, the mixing process infuses the mixture with fresh, heat-producing oxygen, which is vital to the composting process.
3. Use the Compost
When your compost is ready, you can access it easily by opening the door or hatch and letting it fall into a bucket, ready for spreading into your garden or pots and planters.
You can also take out scoopfuls as you need to add to some plants, especially midway through their producing season. We do this with our okra in order to give it a boost.
The advantage of a compost tumbler is you can wheel it to wherever you need. Most composters come with wheels which make it easy to roll.
How Long Does It Take to Compost in a Tumbler?
It can take as little as five to six weeks for a compost tumbler to turn out the compost. Several factors will affect the composting process’ speed, such as moisture, air, heat, and compost starter.
1. Moisture Level
Ideally, your compost shouldn’t be too wet or too dry, but just moist. Usually there is already enough moisture in the items you compost, such as kitchen scraps and grass cuttings, to maintain optimum moisture levels.
As such, you should try to avoid adding water since it will cool and slow the composting process down. If you live in a very dry environment, it may be necessary. You can add to it once a week. However, in general, add as little water as possible. Keep your balance of greens to browns and add what you need.
Your compost tumbler will ideally be well ventilated with small air holes since a constant source of fresh air is needed to keep the composting process going. There is nothing you need to do to “give it air.”
You will need to turn or mix your compost bin once a week to ensure fresh air permeates through the mixture. In most cases, a compost tumbler is easier to aerate than a compost barrel or composter drum because it turns. It’s designed so it’s easy to turn with minimal effort, no matter how filled and heavy it is.
With stationary composters, you would need to get a fork or another device inside to turn the compost over manually.
If you’re feeding your compost tumbler a good mix of nitrogen and carbon materials, it will generate a lot of heat. The compost tumbler will help to keep the heat in, but you will notice that the composting process takes longer in colder months.
If you notice the temperature dropping, you can heat it back up again by adding more nitrogen-rich materials and turning it more. Also, if you live in an area with consistently hot summers, you may want to put the composter in the shade.
4. Compost Starter
You can add a compost starter to your waste to help kick-start the process, although it is not actually needed to make compost. Once you’re making compost regularly, you can just keep a little compost from the previous batch to use as a starter.
You can also add some soil from the garden to get the composting process going.
Can You Add Worms to a Compost Tumbler?
We don’t recommend it because the conditions need to be ideal for worms. However, in theory, yes, you can add worms to your compost tumbler, but you should be careful to ensure you add them at the right time.
If you place them into fresh waste, then there won’t be anything for them to eat. You need to wait for the waste to rot to a point where worms will see it as food.
You also need to consider the climate in which you live. Adding worms to a compost tumbler is different than adding them to a compost heap. In a tumbler, they are trapped, so to speak. They have nowhere to go and are subject to the conditions inside.
Being there is no way for the worms to escape, they will die when the temperature starts to rise.
Thus, if you’re worried about worms not thriving, then you probably shouldn’t add worms to your compost tumbler. We don’t have worms in our compost tumbler but have encouraged them when we had a big compost pile. They enrich organic matter but aren’t as suited for a compost tumbler as they are for a compost pile.
Worm Farm – Should You Start One?
Compost Tumbler: Pros and Cons
Now we’ve looked more closely at how a compost tumbler works, let’s revisit the pros and cons in more depth.
Pros of Compost Tumblers
Some of the main benefits that people who use compost tumblers enjoy include:
1. Turnability / Mixes Easily
There’s no denying that a compost tumbler generally makes lighter work of turning and aerating the composting mixture. Whether they work by turning a crank or simply roll around a central rod, as long as they’re not too big, they’re effortless to mix.
It takes more time and energy to turn over a compost heap or mix a compost barrel with a fork or other device.
2. Faster Composting
If ideal conditions are present, the composting process can be completed more quickly in a compost tumbler. With the right moisture levels, outdoor temperature, and balance of carbon and nitrogen waste, you can compost in just five weeks.
3. No Critters Can Get It
You can do your best to keep wildlife out of a compost heap, but they usually will find a way to it. They will be attracted to the smell, and then stay to enjoy eating it.
If you have a compost barrel on the floor, they often don’t have a bottom, which is excellent for worm access. However, it does also mean that small rodents, raccoons, and pests can burrow their way into your compost.
When you own a compost tumbler, it’s sealed except for small air holes for ventilation. You won’t have animals in it. You may attract some insects but it should be minimal.
In addition, compost tumblers are generally raised above the ground, making it more difficult for rodents and pests to access it.
A compost tumbler is a more attractive option than a compost bin, but especially a heap! They usually have sleek designs and offer a very tidy operation overall, keeping your garden looking clean and attractive. This may be important if you don’t have a lot of land or if you live in a neighborhood setting.
5. Produce Little to No Odor
The sealed design of a compost tumbler also makes them less smelly, a must for properties with smaller gardens. No doubt your nearby neighbors will appreciate it too! When you keep the ratio of greens to browns in check, it shouldn’t smell.
6. Easy to Use the Composter and Compost
Another benefit to owning a compost tumbler is you can access it and move it to where you need it. Most have wheels.
This means you can leave your tumbler where it’s convenient for you to add scraps to it as well as roll it to wherever you want to use the compost. When it’s convenient, you will be more apt to want to make compost.
7. Saves Time
It’s takes almost no time to turn the compost vs manually turning it in a pile.
8. Less Physical
Another plus is you won’t have to work as hard as you would with manually turning compost with a traditional compost pile. A rotating compost tumbler really is easy to use.
Even with larger compost tumblers, their turn-ability isn’t really compromised by the weight of the compost inside. There is a size limit on compost tumblers to ensure that you can turn them, even when they’re full.
9. Can be Portable
You may want to choose a rolling composter with wheels if you wish you move it around your property. Rolling composters are convenient and enable you to bring the finished compost to your garden.
10. Makes it Convenient for Everyone to Compost
Making your own compost helps you use fruits and vegetable scraps, newspapers, cardboard boxes, grass clippings, and leaves. In addition to using them and making compost out of them, you are able to keep them out of the landfills.
Beginning composting is a great first step to homesteading. A composting tumbler lets you live sustainably easier. You can use a compost tumbler in a small space such as a balcony or deck. They are ideal for suburban and urban areas and dwellings.
Cons of Compost Tumblers
When we drew up our list of limitations of the compost tumbler, we found it to be the shorter list of the two and includes:
1. Costs Money
While you can begin a composting pile or heap in your yard for free, you will have to buy a compost tumbler.
There are different sizes of compost tumblers. Some are smaller and less expensive than larger compost tumblers. Still, you can get a decent one for less than $100. These are ideal for families.
The great news is there isn’t anything else you need to buy after you get the compost tumbler. Everything you put into it is recycled waste. The tumbler itself is a one-time purchase.
2. You Have to Put It Together
If you make a DIY compost tumbler or buy one from a home improvement store or hardware store, you will need to put it together. The compost tumbler we bought was easy to put together. (I had my preteen and teen build it for me!)
With a compost pile, there isn’t anything to build. You may want to define the space with concrete blocks or bricks, but there is nothing you HAVE to do when you start a pile.
3. It Fills Up
If you live on property in which you will have a lot of yard waste, a compost tumbler will not be ideal. It will fill up quickly. Consider having an open compost heap for your brown material (dried leaves, tree branches, twigs, bark, sawdust, pine needles, etc.) and for your greens (grass clippings, manure from livestock, etc.).
You can add a compost tumbler as well and use it for household compost materials such as kitchen waste, (eggshells, coffee grounds, scraps from fruits and vegetables) egg cartons, cardboard, and newspapers, etc.
It’s important to know, a compost tumbler will fill fast if you are an active family with lots of kitchen scraps and other materials.
Once you fill your compost tumbler with waste, there’s nothing to do but wait. This means, while you are waiting for it to compost, you will have to throw away vegetable and fruit scraps, paper, and more.
You can choose one with multiple chambers in multiple stages of decomposition. I have a compost tumbler with dual chambers. I like it because I can fill one side and let it cure while adding to the second chamber. Even still, a large, active household can fill up two chambers in several months. You can add a second compost bin to your property and them them all cure in various stages.
With an outdoor compost pile, you can keep adding to it in different sections. This means you won’t be “wasting” produce and yard debris.
4. Worms Don’t Thrive Inside
Worms would have to be added manually to a compost tumbler, and unless they have means of escape, they might die. I really don’t recommend adding worms unless you are experienced.
5. Watch For Insects
After you use the composter for a week or so, when you open the sliding door, you will quickly learn to step aside. Depending on where you live and the season, you may have insects flying out. They are small, harmless, and gnat-like but you won’t want them flying in your face.
If you have a compost pile, there will also be insects as well but they won’t come out in full force because the pile is exposed. For me, a few insects is nothing compared to having the manual labor of turning over heavy compost with a heap.
6. Finished Compost
Sometimes the finished compost falls out through the air ventilation holes. For me, this isn’t an issue because mine is on soil on my property. However, if you have the tumbler on a balcony or patio, you may need to sweep it up.
Overall, we think compost tumblers are terrific, but depending on your circumstances, you may not need one. The people who will benefit most from compost tumblers are those who struggle with turning their heaps and those who don’t have outdoor space for a pile.
If you have limited space in your garden or live with neighbors close by, you’ll also see more benefits from how tidier and more odorless they are. Also, consider the pests and wildlife in your area. A closed compost system will keep them away.
Choosing a compost tumbler is a great addition to homesteading. You get to use what you have by not wasting and help to enrich your soil for gardens. It doesn’t take long to produce batches of compost from materials you would have just thrown away. Adding compost to garden beds and containers is an asset and a great way to amend your soil. It’s environmentally friendly and can save you money in the long run.