How to Grow Carrots: Your User-Friendly Gardening Guide

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Knowing how to grow carrots can give you a healthy root vegetable that can be perfectly paired with several dishes, from roasts and salads to a casual snack during the day.

Not only do you have the opportunity to plant the traditional orange carrots, but you can also choose from an assortment of other colors, such as white, yellow, purple, or crimson.

Having a healthy collection of this vegetable gives you many options when cooking at home, especially if you know the best tips for growing them yourself.

How Do You Grow Carrots for Beginners

There are plenty of reasons why carrots are such a popular vegetable choice for first-time garden owners.

The most well-loved of them all is because carrots are highly resistant to diseases and are also crack resistant.

With the proper planting technique, you’d learn how do you grow carrots for beginners without worrying about throwing away ones that have rotted or failed to sprout.

The main thing to note as a beginner trying to plant carrots is that you will want to spend enough time planning for the crop to fully mature with little issues.

Step 1: Preparation

Carrots are root vegetables.

Your carrot roots must have access to good soil so that they can grow unobstructed. Otherwise, they may experience stunted growth.

Some suggest that a raised bed is a fantastic option. Alternatively, you can opt to double-dig within your designated planting area.

Ensure that wherever you want to start growing your new crop, it is loose and rock-free soil with some mature compost mixed in, especially if it’s heavy soil.

Another fantastic tip for preparing the soil for carrots is to avoid using manure and fertilizer.

These are two components that are highly rich in nitrogen, which may cause the carrots to sprout side roots and obstruct the other root systems.

Instead, working compost enriched with coffee grounds into the soil can add phenomenal nutrition without being too overwhelming for the number of seeds you have sowed.

Step 2: Planting

It can be tempting to try to transplant your carrots, but it’s best to plant them directly into your garden or the containers where they will grow for their entire lifespan.

Planting carrots from seed is easy, even for beginners.

When to plant carrots

Gardeners should start to sow their seeds approximately 3 – 5 weeks before the last frost date of the spring, which you can easily find with a quick online search of your area.

You can also choose carrot varieties to grow in the fall and winter. Plant these carrot seed varieties 2 – 3 months before the average first frost. Depending on where you live, that will be in fall or winter.

Depending on the number of harvests you want to have throughout the year, you might have to sow seeds every three weeks to encourage the growth of a higher number of carrots.

Space them out

You will also want to take care not to plant the seeds too close together, which is where a seed sower might come into great use. Carrot seeds are tiny.

Using a seed sower helps to be sure each carrot will have enough space. Ideally, carrots should be planted 3 – 4 inches apart.

How deep to plant carrot seeds

Make sure that you sow the seeds at least ¼-inch deep into the soil. Cover the seeds with a layer of fine compost or vermiculite when finished.

Sunlight

You’ll want to designate a location with access to full sunlight. While carrots grow best with access to light, they are relatively tolerant of shade as well.

What to plant carrots in

Plant carrot seeds directly into the ground, in garden beds, large fabric grow bags, or in very tall pots. 

Step 3: Develop a Watering Schedule

As with any of the other fruits and vegetables in your garden, you should have a watering schedule established to provide your plants with the essentials they need to grow quickly and healthily.

With carrots, you will need to water them frequently to keep the soil moist. Many suggest opting for shallow waterings.

It is also essential that you prevent a crust from forming on top of the seeds while they are germinating, which is where the vermiculite or fine compost can be quite handy.

Typically, if you were to insert your finger to your middle knuckle into the garden, you should feel a dampness in the soil. However, it shouldn’t be wet.

Step 4: Be Patient

Even though we all would love for our plants to start growing immediately after sowing, that certainly isn’t the case, especially with carrots.

On average, your new crop can take up to three weeks to even sprout leaves, so if you haven’t seen any signs of growth right away, it’s important to be patient.

Take the time to weed the area diligently without disturbing the roots of your young carrots. Inspect for insects. In addition, ensure the soil retains its moisture.

After that, all you can do is wait.

How to Harvest Carrots

Now that you have an idea of how you can plant carrots in your garden, it’s essential to be prepared for when it comes time to harvest them and store them for later use.

The general rule of thumb is that the smaller the carrot, the bigger and bolder its taste will be, so you will want to consider how large they are before you harvest them.

How do you know when a carrot is ready?

Environmental conditions as well as the variety of carrot will vary. However, most carrots will be ready to harvest in 70 – 80 days.

You can usually eat them after about 60 days, however, it’s best to let them fully mature.

Because they grow underground, it is difficult to determine their size. You can tell when carrots are ready to pick by measuring how wide the shoulder is. This is the part of the carrot that you see coming out of ground.

If you bought carrot seeds, save the package to learn how long they will take to mature. Each variety is different.

How do you harvest carrots

Much like the cartoons and movies suggest, when harvesting carrots, you will want to pull them out of the ground, rather than use spading forks as they can bruise the roots.

Ensure that you loosen the soil gently before pulling. You might find that watering the carrots before removing them can help to make the process even simpler.

Don’t worry; if you haven’t removed your carrots during your annual harvest, they will produce seeds next year, as they are biennial.

how to grow carrots

Tips for Storing Carrots

Fresh carrots behave quite differently than store-bought carrots, which means they will require a couple of extra steps for storage to prevent them from wilting and going soft within a couple of hours of being harvested.

Once you’ve pulled carrots from the ground, you will want to scrub away dirt using cold water. Next, cut most of the top off, leaving approximately half an inch behind.

It’s also a good idea to let them air dry, rather than to pat them down with a towel.

As soon as the carrots are dry, seal them in an air-tight container or plastic bag before refrigerating. Otherwise, they are going to go limp inside of the fridge if they aren’t protected.

Many gardeners also find that you can store carrots in dry sawdust in a cool and dry area instead of the fridge, depending on how many you need to use at a single time.

Frequently Asked Questions

Growing carrots is pretty straightforward, but there are a few essential questions to note before you get started. Here are FAQs about growing carrots for beginners.

1. How long does it take to grow carrots?

You can quickly grow a healthy crop of carrots within 70 to 80 days, depending on the variety of carrots, environmental conditions, and soil quality.

Carrots take up to 21 days to germinate. 

Making sure that you sow multiple rows can give you plenty of different carrots to enjoy throughout the year.

Novice gardeners will also want to ask, how long does it take to grow carrots? Some varieties  grow faster than others.

2. Can you grow a carrot from a carrot?

If you’re wondering, can you grow a carrot from a carrot, the answer is yes.

As long as you still have carrot top and not the root vegetable, you are able to grow a carrot from a carrot.

Cut the top of the carrot off so that you have one inch of the root. Put in a glass with water. Ensure the bottom part of the carrot is in the water. 

Placing the glass near available sunlight will encourage more roots to grow within the glass, which you can transplant.

3. What types of carrots are there?

There are numerous varieties of carrots. Carrots are available in different colors, shapes and sizes.

The most popular varieties include: 

  • Bolero: These carrots are up to eight inches long and are ideal for resisting blights and leaf pests.
  • Danvers: Also known as Classic Heirloom carrots, they can be up to eight inches long as well with a tapered end and a richness that is ideal for heavy soil.
  • Little Finger: Much like their name suggests, Little Finger carrots are only four inches, but they can grow up to one-inch thick.
  • Nantes: Known for their incredible crunchy and sweet texture and flavor, Nantes can grow up to seven inches and have a more cylindrical body.
  • Thumberline: If you’re growing in containers or only have clay soil, Thumberlines are a phenomenal option as they produce round carrots that are best for clumpy conditions.

4. How do you grow tastier carrots?

If you’ve planted carrots in the fall, it could be beneficial to wait for a couple of frosts to go by before harvesting. This can help to make the carrots even more flavorful.

When soil frosts, it encourages the plants to reserve their energy. This boosts the production of sugar within the vegetable and enhances its taste.

Carrots who have gone through one to two touches of frost are bound to be far tastier than those that haven’t. 

5. What if I don’t pick all my carrots?

Carrots have a two year life cycle. They are biennials. If you don’t pick all of your carrots, they will flower in their second season of growth. They will self-sow if they survive the winter.

How to Grow Carrots

For beginning home gardeners, carrots are a good choice. Carrots are easy to grow.

As long as you have the right soil conditions and ensure you sow your seeds at the right time, any beginner gardener can learn how to grow carrots and be successful.

With many carrot varieties to choose from, you can add unique flavors to your dishes with your newly grown crop.

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