Easiest Vegetables to Grow: A Simple Garden Guide

Growing your own garden is an enriching experience. Choosing the easiest vegetables to grow makes it even better.

There’s an undeniable sense of satisfaction in growing your own vegetables and eating them fresh. What’s more, it offers a multitude of health benefits, as well.

Yes, it really is a worthwhile pursuit.

If you’re just starting out, though, don’t worry because we’ve got your back.

We are going to share with you the easiest vegetables to grow, even for beginners!

Container Gardens

Before we start, allow us to first talk about container gardens and raised garden beds.

In a nutshell, these are gardens that are raised from containers such as pots and planters.

These allow you to grow garden vegetables even while living in a limited space or in an urban setting.

You shouldn’t allow your lack of space to hinder you from growing your own food.

You can start growing on a porch, a wall, or even in the corner of your apartment kitchen. The key is to be creative.

In fact, here are some tips to help you get started on your own container garden right now:

Potatoes in Planters: How to Grow Potatoes in Pots

Step 1: Choose the right planters.

The first thing that you need to consider is where you’re going to plant your vegetables.

Since you’re not going to plant them on an actual plot of land, you need to provide them with decent room to grow in the form of pots and planters.

These should be big enough to accommodate the size of your plant as it grows, with more room to spare for its roots to burrow through.

Take note that plants have different sizes.

Some remain small, while others can grow really tall.

Take these into consideration when planter hunting.

Here’s a pro tip: Make sure that your chosen pots and planters have proper drainage, as well.

This is the combination of enough drainage holes and the use of well-draining soil.

Step 2: Get the proper soil.

No matter how big of a planter you get, in the end, space is still going to be limited compared to if you’re planting it on actual land.

Hence, give your plants as much chance to survive, starting with ample nutrients from your choice of potting soil.

Step 3: Position your pots strategically.

One of the benefits of container gardening is having the ability to change the position of your plants when needed.

Take this opportunity to position your pots strategically according to their light requirements.

When in doubt, remember that most vegetables require full sun, so put your container garden in the least shaded part of your home.

Step 4: Fertilize regularly.

Finally, your plants will need more nutrients than what they get from the sun. Eventually, the nutrients in your soil will also run out.

When this happens, be sure to sustain your garden with enough fertilizer.

There are different types of fertilizers for you to choose from. Our favorite is vermicast since it’s well-rounded and organic.

Choosing organic fertilizers and amending the soil with compost helps to feed the soil.

Be sure to do your research to make a smart choice.

raised garden beds easiest vegetables to grow

How to Prepare the Soil for Growing Vegetables

If you do have the necessary space in your backyard or elsewhere to grow an outdoor garden, then that would be great, as well.

Here is a quick guide to preparing your soil for growing.

We call the method that we’re going to share with you the lasagna method.

It requires layering different organic components to achieve the perfect nutrients that your vegetables will need.

Step 1: Dig.

Lay a piece of tarp near your chosen area in the garden.

This is where you’re going to put the soil after digging them out.

Then, proceed to dig your chosen plot in a depth of six inches.

Step 2: Put the first layer.

This first layer is made up of newspaper sheets.

Lay down enough to cover the entire area.

Once done, dampen the sheets with water.

Step 3: Put the second layer.

If available, add an inch of peat moss on top of your layer of newspaper.

Step 4: Put the third layer.

Now, for the yummy stuff. Dump a thick layer (a couple of inches tall) of kitchen waste on top of your peat moss.

If you don’t have peat moss available, add an extra inch of kitchen waste.

We’re talking about strictly organic waste only; no plastics and non-biodegradable stuff.

Some great examples would be eggshells and coffee grounds.

Step 5: Put the fourth layer.

Cover the kitchen waste layer with a generous layer of yard scraps.

These include dried leaves or grass clippings—any biodegradable wastes lying around in your backyard.

Step 6: Cover everything.

It’s time for the last layer!

This will involve scooping the soil you’ve removed earlier back into the pile.

Smoothe the top and drizzle every inch with water, just enough to dampen everything but not make your plot muddy.

You can immediately start planting your vegetables, especially if you have your plants ready.

We prefer waiting a few days, though, so as to allow the yummy nutrients to break down first.

You can use the same technique when filling up your planters with soil.

Easiest Vegetables to Grow

Now that you have space to grow your garden, let us now talk about the easiest vegetables to grow to get you started.

For easy reference, a table at the end of each vegetable tells you the ideal planting time, germination rate of the seeds, proper plant spacing, ideal temperature for growing, lighting requirements, and the rate of harvest of each plant.

Please take note that the vegetables we are going to list down below can all be grown on containers, as well.

Lettuce

Lettuce easiest vegetables to grow

Nothing beats waking up every morning, going out to your garden, and harvesting the leaves for your daily salad.

What’s great about lettuce is the fact that you can grow them, harvest the leaves you need, continue growing them, and just keep on harvesting.

To grow healthy lettuce, you will need loamy soil that is rich in organic matter.

You also need to make sure that it is well-draining, including your chosen planter.

Lettuce has very delicate roots, so it won’t grow well on clumpy soil.

While it needs a lot of sunlight, it does love colder temperatures.

In fact, it can even grow through the winter with proper care.

Ideal Planting Time Spring and Fall
Germination Time One week
Spacing Four to eight inches
Ideal Temperature 50°F to 70°F
Ideal Lighting Full sun
Time Until Harvest Two months

Spinach

growing spinach at home

Another leafy green that tastes absolutely delicious with your salad and also very easy to grow is spinach.

The trick to growing spinach is to make sure that it gets a lot of nutrients, so don’t hold back from fertilizers.

This plant is what many call a “heavy feeder,” so feel free to use the layering recipe we’ve shared earlier.

Then again, you’d have to make sure that your soil has good drainage.

Like lettuce, spinach also needs a lot of sunlight.

However, you can also get a significant harvest even if it’s planted in a partly shaded area.

Finally, this plant thrives in cold weather, so you might want to start planting in the fall.

Ideal Planting Time Fall
Germination Time One week
Spacing Three to five inches
Ideal Temperature 40°F to 70°F
Ideal Lighting Full sun
Time Until Harvest 45 days

Arugula

Arugula easiest vegetables to grow

Add another layer of flavor to your salads with arugula.

Unlike all the other greens we have featured so far, there is no secret to growing arugula because it’s effortless to grow.

You can even grow it on any container since its roots are very shallow.

You might want to choose a wide planter, though, because growing (and eating) arugula can be quite addicting.

In this way, you’ll have more surface to plant it in, and you’ll have more to harvest when the time comes.

Planting arugula in a self-watering container also makes the job easier, especially since this plant can get quite thirsty.

It doesn’t appreciate high water pressure from a garden hose, nor water pouring down on it from a pitcher.

Its seeds are quite tiny and its roots delicate, so there’s no need to re-pot this veggie.

You just want to be careful not to plant it too deeply.

As for its light requirement, it thrives in full sunlight, but we recommend putting it in a partly shaded part to prolong its growth.

After all, the younger the leaves, the sweeter they will be.

What arugula plants don’t like is hot weather. It can make their leaves quite bitter, so it’s best to start growing them in spring or late summer.

Ideal Planting Time Spring or Late Summer
Germination Time One to two weeks
Spacing Six inches
Ideal Temperature 45°F to 65°F
Ideal Lighting Full sun or partly shaded
Time Until Harvest Five weeks

Kale

lettuce is easy to grow

Here’s the last salad green that we are going to feature today—kale.

We love growing kale for their sweet and nutty flavor, which we always welcome in our salad recipes.

If you love kale as much as we do, then here’s how to grow them.

First of all, know that it is also a heavy feeder like the spinach, so make sure that there is a lot of organic matter in your soil.

Don’t forget to fertilize it frequently, as well.

If you really want a lot of green leaves, then a nitrogen-rich fertilizer will do the trick.

Like the arugula, kale needs a lot of water, too.

This is the secret to keeping its leaves fresh, crunchy, and sweet.

Mulching the soil surrounding your plant will help in keeping the moisture in.

As for the lighting, kale loves sunlight but not hot days. This is why we recommend planting kale in the early spring or fall. Really, it doesn’t really matter as long as you take care of it.

This is also the type of plant that you can continually harvest but leave planted and growing for more harvest sessions in the future.

Ideal Planting Time Early spring or fall
Germination Time One week
Spacing 16 inches
Ideal Temperature 45°F to 75°F
Ideal Lighting Full sun or partly shaded
Time Until Harvest Two months

Carrots

 Carrots easy-growing vegetables

You might be wondering by now if it’s possible to plant other vegetables other than leafy greens. Why, yes, it is!

That’s why we’re going to focus on these types of veggies next, starting with the carrot.

Carrot is our favorite snack to munch on, and we’re sure we can say the same for many of you.

After all, they taste great and add some crunch to salads and other dishes.

They can even be used to add some texture to smoothies.

Most of the vegetables that we have grown so far didn’t really specify a requirement when it comes to planters.

This time, though, the depth of your planter will be crucial as it will dictate how much your carrots are going to grow.

You also won’t need as much organic material in your soil (as this produces more nitrogen).

Too much organic matter in the soil will help the leaves grow and not the carrot itself.

Instead, we recommend amending your soil with lots of coffee grounds.

Concerning the state of your soil, you’d want it to be well-draining with no clumps or rocks that can hinder the straight, downward growth of your carrot.

Sandy, airy soil is best.

As for the light requirement, your carrots will enjoy a lot of sunlight but not a lot of heat.

In fact, you must harvest your carrots before it gets too hot. On the other hand, frost will help your carrot become sweeter.

Once you see the crowns showing, bury them in mulch or added soil to keep them from growing bitter.

To do that, you will need a container that is at least seven to 15 inches deep, depending on the type of carrot that you’re growing.

If you do choose to grow your carrots in a container, get one that allows you to water from the bottom.

This type of container lets the roots reach out to your water, allowing them to grow longer!

Ideal Planting Time Spring and fall
Germination Time One to three weeks
Spacing Four inches
Ideal Temperature 60°F to 70°F
Ideal Lighting Full sun
Time Until Harvest 75 days

Tomatoes

growing tomatoes vegetables

We love growing carrots because they are yummy and crunchy.

However, we understand how frustrating it can be for beginner gardeners to grow because they take a lot of time to germinate.

Hence, here’s a plant that is really easy to sprout—tomatoes.

In fact, with really healthy soil, you can simply squeeze a tomato into it, and its seedlings will sprout on its own.

The perfect combination, at least in our experience, is a mix of 60% garden soil and 40% vermicompost.

Unlike the other vegetables that we have featured, this is a plant that will significantly benefit from repotting.

That’s because its stem sprouts out new roots as well, which will help in further boosting the growth of your plants.

First, germinate the tomatoes in a container.

Once it grows as tall as three times the size of your original container, it’s a sign that your plant is ready for repotting.

Get a bigger container, then; this time, one that is ideally 15 inches in depth.

Next, gently remove your tomato plant from its original pot.

We prefer doing this by carefully shaking the pot to loosen up the soil and tipping it over to allow the plant to release itself on its own.

Be careful not to disturb the root ball. After that, remove the lowest leaves of your tomato plant.

Do you notice that there are fibers on the stem? You would then want to bury the plant deeper than it was originally planted.

Finally, water and continue growing.

Ideal Planting Time Summer
Germination Time One week
Spacing Six to eight inches
Ideal Temperature 65°F to 85°F
Ideal Lighting Full sun
Time Until Harvest Three to four months

Easy-growing vegetables

Truly, it’s really easy to grow vegetables.

All you need is patience and diligence in remembering when to water and feed them.

There will be vegetables that can baffle you with their complex germination process and nutrient requirements, but the ones we have listed above are proven beginner-friendly. 

If you have the space, another is growing cucumber plants.

What Vegetables Grow Best Together?

Now that we have finished going through the easiest types of vegetables to grow, let us now talk about the best ones to grow together.

One of the secrets to growing garden vegetables and making the most of your limited garden space is by strategically planting those that complement each other’s growths.

For instance, did you know that planting marigold with your tomatoes can protect it from nematodes?

Using our list above as a guide, here are the best companion plants for each of them:

Lettuce and Carrots

Carrots can have a difficult time competing with weeds.

Hence, to save you the trouble, shallow-rooted plants, like lettuce, are best to plant together with them, even inside a single container.

Onion and Garlic With Arugula

Nothing’s more frustrating than seeing your delicious leafy plant completely decimated overnight by pests because it’s that yummy!

The strong scent of onion and garlic will keep pests away from your arugula.

Beans and Kale

Beans are known as natural “nitrogen-fixers.”

This means that they won’t compete with the precious nutrient with your kale.

In fact, it will even help in supplying more of it.

Tomatoes and Basil

Aside from marigolds, growing tomatoes with basil can enhance the taste of your tomatoes.

Plus, they taste great together in Italian dishes.

What Vegetables Should Not Be Grown Together?

On the other hand, here are the plants that you should never grow together with your vegetables:

Lettuce and Parsley

Lettuce and parsley will compete with each other’s nutrients, and they simply antagonize each other.

Arugula and Tomatoes

Arugula doesn’t grow well being planted alongside any member of the nightshade family.

Sunflower and Kale

Apparently, sunflowers release a certain chemical that can disrupt kale’s germination process, so make sure that you don’t plant them together.

Tomatoes and Carrots

Tomatoes are known to stunt the growth of carrots.

However, it will enhance its flavor, so plant them together at your own risk!

Is It Cheaper to Buy Vegetables or Grow Them?

There are a lot of easy to grow vegetables that are cheaper to plant than buy, especially if you have a system in making your own compost at home.

In this way, you can further reduce your growing costs, even for plants that require a lot of fertilizer.

In the end, it will all boil down to the effort and waiting time of growing them.

These factors weigh into the costs of growing your vegetables, as well.

We consider the effort a benefit, though.

Is Growing Your Own Vegetables Worth It?

Maintaining a garden provides good physical exercise, and it is also a very rewarding process.

There’s a certain kind of satisfaction that you will only get to experience from watching plants grow and, in the end, harvesting and putting them on your table.

Another huge benefit of growing your own vegetables is that you know where your food is coming from.

You know that it won’t be drenched in chemicals and pesticides, so you’re always ensured that they are fresh and safe to consume.

If you prioritize your health in all its aspects, then we firmly believe that the experience of growing your own vegetables will prove worthy not just for you but also for your whole family.

Easiest Vegetables to Grow

We hope that this simple guide proves helpful in getting you started with your first vegetable garden.

Aside from the ones that we have featured in this list, try out planting other vegetables as well.

You can easily find herbs and flowers that are simple to grow and also offer their own benefits.

Herbs, for instance, add more flavor to your home-cooked meals. On the other hand, planting flowers can be aroma-therapeutic.

They also add beauty to the overall look of your garden.

Not to mention, flowers invite pollinators who can help you with growing your vegetable garden.

Related Resources:

Winter Vegetables List to Plant for Year-Round Growing
What Cannot Be Grown Hydroponically
Cucumber Plant Growing, Caring, and Harvesting Tips
Growing Watermelon ~ How to Grow Watermelon
Growing Okra Plants ~ How to Grow Lots of Okra!
How to Ripen Green Tomatoes
How to Grow Carrots
Raised garden bed
Coffee Grounds for Plants: Recyclable Miracle or Harmful Additive?

Sharing is caring!

Leave a Reply