The panic and adrenaline you experience in case of a disaster or any other emergency make it next to impossible for you to make rational decisions. The primary concern then is to escape the danger zone and get to someplace safe.
In such a situation, it is hard to imagine anyone would bother putting together a disaster survival kit. If you are leaving home with no idea as to where you are headed, having disaster survival kits on hand is important. This way, you will be able to get by for at least a couple of days.
The best option for you is to be prepared for the disaster. Pack your disaster survival kits and have them ready to grab whenever you need to leave. However, most people aren’t aware of what goes into a disaster survival kit. Here are some tips you can follow to build disaster survival kits for you and your family:
Building a Disaster Survival Kit
Needs over Wants
When it comes to disaster survival, you have to stick to the bare essentials. You should remember that there is only so much weight you can haul around if the need arises. Therefore, packing items that you simply want for the sake of entertainment or out of habit is not a good idea.
You should stick to the needs, which include food, clothing and water. You have to resist the temptation if you are to deal with the situation in the best way possible.
Disposable or Reusable
When it comes to disaster survival kits, you have the option to make a disposable one which you can use only once. On the other hand, you can make a reusable kit that you can use whenever such a situation arises.
The idea behind a disposable survival kit is that it is only to be used when it is a matter of life and death. The reusable kits can be used for any inconveniences, even if it isn’t considered a major emergency.
The first thing you should pack in your disaster survival kit is sheltering equipment. Most disasters are caused by extreme weather conditions. So, you have to ensure that you aren’t in the open with the sun beating down or during a downpour.
You can buy a Winnebago or a tent/tarp. The material the shelter is made from should be sturdy and durable. You might have to use it outdoors for a number of days. Don’t compromise on quality when it comes to sheltering equipment. It could make all the difference.
Dehydration is a major concern during a disaster. It is unlikely that you find any source of drinking water once you leave your home. Depending on the number of days you expect to be out in the open, pack 160 ounces of water per person. That is the recommended fluid intake for an average adult so it should be more than enough for kids as well.
As with water, you can follow dietary guidelines when packing food. Dry food that doesn’t spoil is your best bet. You need to have at least 2,000 calories of food per person per day in the disaster survival kits. Don’t take any item that needs to be refrigerated or kept cool.
Also avoid candies and chocolate bars. Keep a couple in your pocket but none in the kit. If you get good at Preparing and Preserving Fresh Food can also be included.
Hygiene & First-Aid
These two go hand in hand. You need plenty of tissues and wipes and other sanitary items. Also pack a first-aid kit. You can go for a basic one which can easily be purchased from a store. If you or any member of your family has to take regular medication, pack that in as well.
Clothing & Bedding
Pack at least two changes of clothes for each person. Also, you need to get warm bedding for you and your family. If you are to camp out, sleeping on the ground, particularly during winter, is difficult and risky. You can fall sick because of the cold, something you cannot afford when escaping disaster.
These are the items that should always be in your disaster survival kits. In addition, you should take flashlights, batteries and matches. You may have to build a fire in the open. Being prepared for each and every thing may be difficult but you should put your best foot forward.