If you’ve ever thought about beekeeping as a hobby or an income source, now is the time to start. Beekeeping is a fun and productive endeavor. There are a few beekeeping supplies you need to get started.
Beginning properly with beekeeping equipment, products, protective gear, and these tips for purchasing hives will help your hives thrive. Many are one-time purchases which makes it budget-friendly as you continue.
Perhaps the biggest mistake amateur beekeepers make is taking on too large of a colony without sufficient experience.
No matter how much research you do, you won’t truly understand the art of beekeeping until you have done it.
It’s always better to start small and expand over the years. Beginner beekeepers should start with two hives. Having two colonies to start is a great way to learn.
If budget isn’t a concern, take on three at the very most. You’ll learn a lot the first year, and you can add additional hives the next year.
Table of Contents
These are the essential beekeeping supplies:
- Bee suit, mask, gloves
- Hive tool
- Bee smoker
- Beekeeping book
- Honey extractor
Note, you can buy a honey extractor isn’t an essential item until you are further into beekeeping. It’s not an immediate purchase.
While you may want to buy a beekeeping kit to have everything you need, oftentimes, you will find you won’t use everything.
You may be apt to check Amazon right away, but many retailers carry honey bee hives. You can find them online at Tractor Supply Co., Walmart, Etsy, Home Depot, and more.
Langstroth hives are common in North America. They are considered to be the best hives for beginners. This is a vertical hive with removable rectangular boxes that stack on top of each other. Think of it like a dresser that you can customize.
Langstroth beehives come with 8 or 10 frames. The bees will build their honeycombs into the frames.
Look for beehive kits that are easy to put together, very well-constructed and sturdy. It will be helpful for you to place it off the ground so plan to raise it up. This will keep it away from some predators.
The hive should include the frame equipment, brood box, super, and a queen excluder. Some beehive models will have a metal roof which will help protect it from the elements.
After you put it together, you may need to either paint the hive with two coats of exterior paint or stain it, and then coat it with a clear polyurethane.
This will help to weatherproof and extend the life of the beehive. You only need to paint the outside of the hive, not the inside.
How many beehives to start with
Beekeeping 101: It’s a good idea to start with two hives. To do this, you will need to buy two beehives. You will be able to learn a lot when you begin beekeeping with two hives.
First off, you will be able to manage both colonies better than just having one hive. In addition, you will better be able to understand the hive behavior to more quickly learn what is normal.
If both hives are acting similarly, then it’s probably typical behavior.
Also, if one colony becomes weaker and loses bees, you will have the option to add bees from the stronger hive to the weaker hive.
If you have only one hive and something happens, it will be difficult to help it. If it dies off completely, you may have to wait months to start again. Something affecting how long do honey bees live is Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD).
Best beehive: Honey Keeper Beehive 20 Frame Complete Box Kit with metal roof
When it comes to buying a bee keeper suit, there are many choices available. However, you must know that even with the best suit, at some point during bee season, you will get stung.
Still, you need to do what you can to minimize those instances. Be sure to buy a protective bee suit that includes a veil for protection for your head and face.
Choosing a size for the beekeeper suit
We HIGHLY recommend the full bee protection suit. This is one item you won’t want to skimp on. You want to eliminate any ways for bees to come up under your clothing.
ALWAYS take the time to put on your full gear, making sure the veil is secured properly. Even very experienced beekeepers wear fully protective clothing.
Choosing a bee suit online is easy because the size is fairly forgiving. You want it loose enough to be able to wear your regular clothes underneath.
It’s preferable to wear long sleeves and pants, not shorts, under your bee keeper suit. Even if a bee should make it’s way under your suit, you will be more protected.
Whatever your size is in clothes is what you should order in a beekeeping suit. Manufacturer’s take into consideration you will be wearing your usual clothing underneath.
A full bee suit is much better than only the beekeeping jacket.
A beekeeper’s suit and mask and gloves are one-time purchases and will provide you with safety for years. You should wear them at all times.
Best beekeeping suit: New Professional Cotton Full Body Beekeeping Suit
Depending on the size of your hand, there are two outstanding beekeeping gloves we recommend: one made from goatskin and one from cowhide.
Both are are long enough to cover your arms and sturdy enough for you to handle the hives while offering protection from bee stings.
They are easy to order online by choosing the size you would usually wear in gloves.
We like the gloves from Natural Apiary because they are easy to work in — not stiff — and they are easy to bend your fingers and work on your hive.
Best beekeeping gloves:
- Small: Natural Apiary gloves from cowhide
- Medium: Natural Apiary made from goatskin
- Large: Natural Apiary gloves made from cowhide
You will use this tool to pry apart the hives. With the blade, you can cut off beeswax. You will want to buy a long hive tool. Choose a 10.5″ over the 8″ for safety.
We prefer the J hook tool over the ones that are shaped like a crowbar.
Best hive tool: Kinglake Steel J-Hook beehive tool
This is the best hive tool we’ve found for regular beehive maintenance.
This 10.5″ tool is great because it’s easy to manage and keeps you a little bit farther away from the bees that are sure to be around. This hive tool is much better than the typical 8″ hive tools which are very common.
In addition to a beekeeping suit, a bee smoker is an essential item for when you are doing hive maintenance, harvesting honey, or doing anything around your hives.
You will use your smoker often. You will need a smoker to calm the bees and to minimize their ability to communicate with each other.
Using a bee smoker will help protect you from getting swarmed and minimize your chances of getting stung.
For a bee smoker to do the job you need it too, calm the bees and ensure they don’t see you as a threat. You really want and need a large smoker.
Best bee smoker: Goodland Bee Supply 11-inch stainless steel beehive smoker
This 11″ smoker is far superior to the smaller 8″ smokers. It is so much better and will smoke longer, giving you more assurance the bees will stay calm while you are working among them.
Another reason we like this one is because it comes with a 3-pack of beekeeping smoker fuel to get you started.
What’s also great is that you can use other sources (pine needles, wood chips or scraps, sawdust, etc.) as fuel.
You will need a beehive smoker for when you inspect the hive or are working on it. You will use it when you collect honey.
As you become more experienced, you may want or need to work with your bee colonies to divide them or to merge colonies.
While technically books aren’t beekeeping supplies, it’s always handy to have some beginner books on hand to help you get started.
What we like about each of these beekeeping books is that they are great for beginners and also for when you are further advanced, in months or years.
These are the beekeeping books that we reference often. All three authors are all passionate about bees and beekeeping. All of these books are very well organized.
You will find them all easy to read and easy to find the information you are looking for.
It’s very handy to have beekeeping reference books to answer intricate questions about the type of bees you have along with help if you honey production varies from year to year.
These books have been invaluable resources to help us position our hives, when to harvest honey, basics for beginners, and how to take care of the inevitable bee stings.
Best beekeeping books reviews
- Beekeeping for Dummies by Howland Blackiston
The first book, Beekeeping for Dummies, is the one to buy if you can only purchase one book. This is an easy-to-understand, very comprehensive book. It’s 442 pages (this includes the detailed index).
It is organized very well and the detailed table of contents makes finding the information you need, simple.
There are excellent chapters about common problems and easy solutions. It includes pictures, extensive information on what to do with honey, including honey recipes and more.
Like any comprehensive guide, the only downside to this book is the small type though the headings are large and easy to read.
Both of these are good resources as well and are just under 200 pages.
- Beginning Beekeeping: Everything You Need to Make Your Hive Thrive by Tanya Phillips
This book has excellent pictures.
- The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Beekeeping by Dean Stiglitz and Laurie Herboldsheimer
This is more bare-bones with less “extra information.” It’s a great resource but would be our last choice of the three if you can only buy one book.
You won’t need a honey extractor right away. You may want to wait to purchase one because there are the hives, bee suit, and other essentials to buy first.
However, at some point you will need to buy a honey extractor.
If you have the funds and can purchase it right away, great. But if you want to wait on this purchase, you can.
You may also be able to rent the extractor if you have access to a local bee, apiary club.
Generally, you shouldn’t harvest honey the first year you have a hive. Therefore, the honey extractor is a product you may want to consider as you go into your second year of beekeeping.
Best honey extractor: Honey Keeper™ Pro 2 Frame Stainless Steel Honey Extractor.
We like this honey extractor in particular because it’s perfect for 1- 3 hives, when you are just starting out. It’s a great value when you compare it to other larger-capacity honey extractors.
If you find yourself wanting to own more hives and you will be harvesting a lot more honey, you will want to get a more robust honey extractor.
But in the meantime, it’s a well-performing, basic honey extractor. You may want to choose an electric honey extractor or radial honey extractor.
You want to make sure you have all the equipment you need — on hand — before buying bees. It’s best to contact local apiarists in your area for tips. You can do this through a local beekeeping association.
You will also have to be sure it is the proper season to start. It’s best to get all of your beekeeping equipment before buying bees.
This involves the following:
- Building your two beehives
- Paint/treat the hives
- Have your bee protection suit and other beekeeping equipment ready
In this way, you will be able to start beekeeping right away when your bees arrive.
To begin quickly as a beginner, it’s best to start with purchasing a pack of bees. (The alternative is to wait for wild bees find your hive which we do not recommend when beginning.)
When you are ready to purchase a package of bees, it’s best to find a local beekeeper or a nearby commercial apiary.
Otherwise, you can order bees online or over the phone. The bees will be delivered to you within a certain timeframe.
The company will tell you in advance so you will be there to receive your shipment of bees. Be sure to read one of your beekeeping books to decide how to introduce the queen to the hive.
You will learn about the direct method (faster but more dangerous to the queen) and the indirect method. Or you may decide to buy a nucleus hive. In time, you may decide to raise your own queen.
The Beekeeping for Dummies book has an excellent chapter which gives you specific instructions on what to do when you inspect the hives.
It’s also great for telling you what to do with your colony the week after hiving your bees, the second and third weeks, and the fourth through eight weeks.
Costs for beekeeping supplies
Basic, two-colony beekeeping set-up typically runs around $400 – $750. Most of the beekeeping expenses are one-time purchases.
Prices will vary greatly depending on the types of bees you select. If your colonies thrive, you won’t need to replace them.
Many beginning and amateur beekeepers want to harvest a lot of honey right away.
However, when you buy the correct and best beekeeping products and start small, you can expand once you are more experienced. You will save money over the long run.
Remember, like with starting any new hobby or activity, there are going to be important beekeeping products and ones that are nice to have, but not essential.
Start with the essential beekeeping supplies first; buy other things as you learn more. You don’t need to buy the honey extractor right away.
There is much to consider when you start any new hobby or business.
We love beekeeping because it offers sustainability, helps our environment, helps prepare for food crisis, and is a unique and interesting hobby.
Once you progress with beekeeping, you can turn it into a small business, selling the honey honey combs, and so much more. It’s an excellent way to make money with multiple income streams on your farm or homestead.
How do I start keeping bees
Many people who want to begin homesteading start with bees. Beginning beekeeping is an exciting time. Know that beekeeping is a seasonal hobby. In most areas, you’ll want to start in the spring
In the winter months you will need to check on your hives but there isn’t as much to do.
Buy the best beekeeping supplies and equipment, read some of the book, check for a local beekeeping group, and get started.
Will I get stung beekeeping?
Yes! You will get stung, despite wearing the best bee suit and protection. Take time to learn about how to properly remove the stinger so the venom doesn’t get into your skin.
Over time you there will be less swelling and you will become an expert at removing the stinger.
The beekeeping books also cover what to do. Read these sections in advance of acquiring your bees.
Protecting your hives
Elevate the hives a few inches above ground to avoid sickness-spreading moisture. Take precautions to protect the hives from bears, raccoons, skunks, and other predators, depending on where you live.
The beekeeping books all cover pathogens, parasites and pesticides which could all affect your hive.
To successfully raise bees, it’s important to understand the different types of bees and each of their roles within the colony.
In beekeeping, the queen bee is considered the mother of the colony. Her only job is to lay eggs in the hive’s cells.
She typically has a large, swollen abdomen that tapers to a point. She resembles the drone more closely than a worker bee.
The queen’s body will be longer than that of the other bees. She has a stinger but rarely finds herself in a position where she needs to use it.
When you become a more experienced beekeeper, you can learn how to raise a queen yourself.
In keeping with their name, worker bees do most of the heavy lifting for the colony. They gather pollen, bring in water, build honeycombs, nurse the young, prepare food, and guard the hive.
There are typically several thousand worker bees in a colony. The worker bees are equipped with stingers and will use them if threatened.
They can be identified by the basket-like cavities on their legs that are used to store and carry pollen.
There are typically around one hundred drones in a colony. They are destroyed as honey becomes scarce. Drones are easy to spot due to their large bodies and the loud humming sound they make with their wings.
Higher than usual populations of drones may be an indicator of high honey production.
If you are handy and you have the time, you may want to build your own hive. Know, however, that commercial hives have come down in cost considerably, and are more readily available than ever before.
Therefore, when you consider the time involved, you won’t be saving that much by building your own versus buying a ready-made beehive.
But you can have pride of builder-ship if you build your own.
While you will want to make a detailed plan before you start, the basics of your hive must include the following.
This list includes the parts of the hive starting from the top, down:
- Outer cover
- Inner cover
- Shallow super
- Deep super
- Queen excluder
- Deep super
- Bottom board
DIYers have had success using pine. Be sure to use enough waterproof wood glue as well.
You will need to use a high-quality paint for outside protection when you are finished with it. Weatherproofing will help to extend the life and integrity of the hive while it is exposed to whatever elements, depending on where you live.
You need to protect it from the sun, rain, and snow. You’ll even need to protect it from ants and termites (if prevalent in your area).
If you paint it white or another light color, that will keep it cooler in the sun. You also may choose to line the outer cover with sheet metal for extra protection. But this is optional, especially if you use a good paint.
Build your own hive
After you have your commercially-purchased hives going, you can always take on the project of building your own hive. You will also have a better idea of the intricacies of hive-building once you own bees and have constructed a ready-made beehive.
A DIY beehive is a great project for the winter when you will have to tend to your bees less often.
Raw honey advantage
Honey has medicinal value. Raw, organic honey brings with it many health advantages including:
- Anti-fungal and anti-viral properties
- Allergy reduction
- Blood sugar regulation
- Skin healing properties
- Improved immune function
- Helps digestive health
- Helps to regulate blood pressure
Unfortunately, many consumers don’t realize there is a major difference between store-bought (“fake”) honey and raw, organic honey.
In an effort to increase profits, many manufacturers put their honey through a process known as pasteurization.
This high-heat filtration process removes almost all of the beneficial bee pollen, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and antibiotic properties.
Today, 76 percent of all honey in grocery stores contains absolutely no bee pollen.
Raw honey, on the other hand, goes directly from the beehive to the consumer. In its natural form, honey is one of nature’s most powerful super foods.
Reasons to keep bees
Perhaps you are interested in bees as a hobby or you’ve learned how bees are becoming threatened in our environment. Honeybees pollinate approximately 90% of crops in the United States.
They are critical for our food supply.
So while some beekeepers have taken up the hobby due to concerns over the declining bee population, others simply find joy in watching these industrious creatures thrive on their land.
Many people start keeping bees for a hobby or for an income source. There are so many ways to earn income from keeping bees. Once you have the supplies, it’s easy to get started.
They are fascinating, social creatures you will soon grow to love. Bees are one of the few species on our planet that fully contribute to their environment instead of just taking from it.
Survivalists and rural-living enthusiasts understand the value of year-round gardening, preserving fresh food, and preparing for a possible food crisis. Beekeeping is a perfect complement to this way of life.
Rural land owners, backyard gardeners, and most anyone can reap the benefits of beekeeping. With practice and patience, you will see how beekeeping is fun and fascinating.
These are the best beekeeping products to start keeping bees. Beekeeping is a very rewarding and fun experience.
If you have the desire and the funds to get started, go for it! Starting with these essential beekeeping products will keep costs down.
You can find out more of what you need after your hives are more established. Beekeeping makes for an interesting hobby, and you can enjoy another aspect of sustainable living.
Best beekeeping supplies
What is really great about beekeeping is there aren’t a lot of products and supplies required to get started.